This guide contains a listing of fundamental APA design elements

Which can be commonly necessary for projects at CityU. Note: Some courses and programs might have requirements that are different usage of APA.

Any information that’s not knowledge that is“common must be cited. Well known is information that a lot of individuals understand without searching it. Typical examples are “the sky is blue” or “it rains a great deal in Seattle.” It is better than not citing it if you’re not sure whether something is common knowledge, citing.

Get Assistance With APA

You will need to cite your sources so that you can recognize other people’s tips and information utilized inside your projects. Invest the or copy somebody else’s terms or tips and current them as though they certainly were your own personal, you may be plagiarizing.

APA Formatting and Style Guide, through the Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue

APA Style we we Blog, authored by professionals through the United states Psychological Association

How exactly to cite sources in your projects (in-text citations): In-text citations are extremely essential in your projects. They inform your teacher in which the information originated in and provides it context in your very very own writing.

APA Template

CityU APA Template: down load an APA design Microsoft term template developed by Douglas Degelman of Vanguard University.

APA Examples

Articles with or without DOI (learn about DOI from APA)

Sampson, J. P., & Makela, J. P. (2014). Ethical dilemmas related to communication and information technology in counseling and guidance. Global Journal for academic and Vocational Guidance, 14(1), 135-148.

In text: (Sampson & Makela, 2014)

Collins, C. J., Hanges, P. J., & Locked, E. A. (2004). The connection of accomplishment inspiration to behavior that is entrepreneurial A meta-analysis. Human Performance, 17(1), 95-117.

In text: First citation (Collins, Hanges, & Locked, 2004); subsequent citations (Collins et al., 2004)

Un Statistics Division (n.d.). UNdata: a global globe of data. Retrieved from

In text: (United Nations Statistics Division, n.d.)

Beck, C. A. J., & Product Sales, B. D. (2001). Family mediation: Facts, fables, and prospects that are future. Washington, DC: United States Emotional essay writer Association.

In text: (Beck & product Sales, 2001)

E-book from Online Database

McLyman, L. A. (2005). Smart leadership Ebrary version|version that are Ebrary. East Lansing, MI: Michigan State University Press. Retrieved from this is certainly://www.ebrary

In text: (McLyman, 2005)

Oreg, S. & Michel, A., & Todnem, R. (Eds.). (2013). The therapy of organizational modification: watching vary from the employee’s perspective Skillsoft Books version. Retrieved from that is://cityuseattle

In text: First citation (Oreg, Michel, & Todnem, 2013); subsequent citations (Oreg et al., 2013)

Reports from Web Business Databases

Giraldo, V. (2013, November). Family clothes shops in america. Retrieved from IBISWorld database.

In text: (Giraldo, 2013)

MarketLine. (2013, 9) october. Bayerische Motoren Werke AG (BMW Group): Company profile. Retrieved from Company Supply Complete database.

In text: (MarketLine, 2013)

Marketline. (2014, October). Workplace solutions and supplies in European countries: MarketLine industry profile. Retrieved from Mint Worldwide database.

In text: (MarketLine, 2014)

Morningstar. (2014). Ford Engine Co.: Key ratios. Retrieved from Morningstar Investment Analysis Center database.

In text: (Morningstar, 2014)

U.S. Census Bureau. (2012). Retail trade: Geographic area series: Summary statistics for the usa, states, metro areas, counties, and places: 2012. Table. Retrieved from

In text: (U.S. Census Bureau, 2012)

Citation Builders

totally Free citation tools that will help you access your conserved sources and sources from anywhere online. Citation builders produce APA-formatted references from user-submitted information such as for instance author, date, and publication name. While citation builders are convenient, they may not be constantly accurate. Check always your references and citations for APA mistakes.

Records on Formatting

Recommendations are cited accurately both in the written text and also the guide list, and they are bought alphabetically by authors’ surnames (6.11-6.21, 6.16, 6.25).

Hanging indents and spacing that is double employed for all guide list entries (2.11).

Capitalize just the word that is first of article, book, or chapter name and subtitle (if any), and any appropriate nouns (6.29)

Electronic log articles are cited within the same way as printing journal articles.

Digital identifiers that are objectDOIs) should always be contained in log article citations when they can be simply situated (see test citations below).

Journal and guide games within the guide list are spelled out fully and italicized.

web web Page figures for several articles are given within the reference list (7.01, 7.02).

Just how to Structure Papers

Font is 12 point occasions brand brand brand New Roman (8.03).

Margins are set at 1 inches (2.54cm) (8.03).

Line spacing is double for the document that is entire pages numbered in series, you start with the name web web page (8.03).

Punctuation spacing is two areas after every punctuation mark closing a phrase, and something area in the end other punctuation (4.01, 4.02).

Title web web page is really a page that is separate includes the header, article title, author’s title and date (8.03).*

Headers look towards the top of each web page you need to include the author’s name that is last web page quantity.*

All pages, starting with the name web web page, should be numbered consecutively (8.03).

Going amounts accurately mirror the company of this paper and tend to be utilized regularly through the paper (3.02-3.03).

Paragraphs have at the very least three sentences but aren’t much longer than one web page (3.08). Indent the first type of each paragraph (8.03).

Abbreviations are written as whole words or expressions the first-time they are employed with all the abbreviation after in parentheses. Make use of the form that is abbreviated, unless it really is utilized at the start of a phrase (4.22-4.23).

Quotations under 40 terms are in the middle of quote markings and can include web page or paragraph numbers into the in-text citation. Quotations of 40 or higher terms are formatted in a block that is freestanding of without any quote marks (4.08, 6.03, 6.05).

Numbers, tables, appendices along with other document elements should be numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals (1,2,3) within the purchase by which these are typically mentioned (5.05, 5.30).

Tables are typical described within the text and a heading is included by every table column(5.13, 5.19).

Appendices are on split pages, with only 1 figure or table per web page (8.03).

Require more assistance? Ask a Librarian!